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11th Asia Pacific Diabetes Conference and Expo

Brisbane, Australia

Ping Gu

Nanjing General Hospital of Nanjing Military Command, Nanjing University, China

Title: Myeloid-specific deletion of SIRT1 impairs obesity and ageing-associated endothelial dysfunction

Biography

Biography: Ping Gu

Abstract

SIRT1 is a class III, NAD-dependent histone that plays a key role in curbing inflammatory responses in macrophages. However, whether SIRT1 controls macrophage polarization and its implication in vascular diseases is unclear. Aims. Here we aim to clarify whether SIRT1 deficiency biases macrophage polarization and contributed to endothelial dysfunction. Wild type (WT) and myeloid-specific SIRT1 knockout mice (MKO) were fed with standard chow or westernized diet for 12 weeks. Endothelium-dependent relaxation (EDR) in aortic rings was assessed by wire myograph. Macrophages were differentiated in vitro from bone marrow cells. Compared to WT mice, aortic EDR was significantly impaired in MKO mice under both obese and ageing conditions. In accompany, MKO mice were more susceptible to atherosclerosis in apoE-/- background. Macrophage were resistant to interleukin 4 (IL4)-induced polarization to M2 subtype. Moreover, endothelial cells co-cultured with MKO-derived macrophages exhibited higher inflammation and lower eNOS expression. SIRT1 plays a pivotal role in controlling macrophage polarization, which in turn causes impaired endothelial function.

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