19thAsia Pacific Diabetes Conference
Dicle University, Turkey
Title: Factors affecting the empowerment of the diabetic individual and how we can empowerment diabetes patient?
Biography: Hamdiye Arda Sürücü
Introduction: Empowerment is defined as providing power or bringing in authority, the skill and competence to accomplish something and to grant permission. Empowerment consists of two processes as “process” and “outcome”. The objective of these two processes is development of potential of individual with diabetes at the first stage and maturation of this potential at the last stage. There is a limited amount of research investigating the factors influential on empowerment. Purpose: Examining the factors influential on empowerment in diabetes is thought to shed light on the planning and management of diabetes education. In addition we discuss how we can empowerment diabetes patient. The factors influential on empowerment in diabetes studies revealed that the number of diabetes-related symptoms, age, gender, educational background, disease duration and perceived family support, diabetes education, employment status are among the factors influential on empowerment. Consequently, in an attempt to empower individuals with diabetes through empowerment strategies in diabetes self-management education; “1. Instructor should not be the decision maker in decisions regarding diabetes management of patient, 2. Daily self-management decisions should be checked and their responsibilities should be confirmed, 3. Information should be provided for continuity of the situation of life-long decision making in diabetes, 4. Patients’ efforts should be facilitated in order to determine, implement and result of behavioural goals that are individually chosen, 5. Chances of social and emotional support should be created and individuals with diabetes should be included in a group which is created for problem-solving,
6. Instead of controlling patient, patient should be given responsibility in diabetes care, 7. Instructor should have a constant communication with its patients through telephone, mail etc., and 8. Instructor should make individual with diabetes feels important and valuable. 9. Diabetes literacy should be increased/encouraged and 10. Instructor should make individual with diabetes feels important and valuable.